Transmissible Gastroenteritis virus (TGEV) is a type of coronavirus primarily infecting pigs. TGEV is one of the leading causes of death suckling pigs and has a formidable economic impact on the industry. The virus attacks the cell lining of the intestinal wall, leading to an inability to digest food and severe dehydration. Mortality rates are close to 100% among pigs less than 1 month old.
Infection spreads rapidly through populations via aerosol and close contact transmission. Young and newborn pigs are the most vulnerable to infection, however, adults can contract the virus as well. Winter months due to the virus’ ability to survive cold weather.
Vomiting and profuse diarrhea are the most common initial signs of infection. These progress in severity, often resulting in death. Some symptoms include: